On December 24, 2011, the Indonesian National Police and Military opened fire on civilians, members of Anti-Mining People’s Front (FRAT) during a peaceful protest at the Sape Harbor which started four days ago. Those civilians rejected the presence of a gold mine, PT. Sumber Mineral Nusantara (SMN). 3 people died and 9 people were critically injured. This marked as the peak of conflict between the government and business corporations against citizens throughout the year of 2011.
Joint Press Release, December 24, 2011
SBY-BOEDIONO MUST TAKE RESPONSIBLITY
The Indonesian National Police and Military again conducted violence
and massacre. On December 24, 2011, they opened fire on civilians,
members of Anti-Mining People’s Front (FRAT) during a peaceful protest
at the Sape Harbor which started four days ago. Those civilians
rejected the presence of a gold mine, PT. Sumber Mineral Nusantara
(SMN). The government deployed troops of Brimob (Mobile Brigade) and
riot equipments which shot at the protesters this morning. 3 people
died and 9 people were critically injured. This marked as the peak of
conflict between the government and business corporations against
citizens throughout the year of 2011.
Rejection on PT. SMN by the people of Lambu, Bima, has taken place for
the last two years. PT. SMN got the Mining Business Permit (IUP) for 25
years in 2008, which then updated by Bima Administration with IUP
number 188/45/357/004/2010, which stated PT. SMN’s covered area of
24.980 hectares in the district of Lambu, Sape, and Langgudu with
company’s covering area of 14.318 hectares.
Indo Mineral Cipta Persada which operates in the district of Parado,
based on the central government permission. The majority stakes of PT.
Sumber Mineral Nusantara were owned by PT. Arc Exploration Ltd. of
FRAT conveyed rejection because the gold mine would endanger the
livelihood of civilians. Most of Lambu residents are farmers and
fishermen. The mine will dismantle the land and disrupt water resources
which certainly affect residents’ agricultural lands. Besides, the
company had never done dissemination to the public before.
Since then, the citizens, who are members of the Anti-Mining People’s
Front (FRAT), continued the acts of rejection. Last January, about 1500
people came to act upon refusal to the sub district office.
Unfortunately, they did not get any satisfactory response. The next
month, on February 2011, thousands of residents carried out a 1.24
miles long march to Lambu’s sub district office.
The government deployed 250 personnel of Bima’s police, 60 personnel of
combined intelligence and crime investigation, and 60 personnel of
Provincial NTB’s Brimob. The meeting had no results. The unsatisfactory
residents pushed the door of Lambu’s sub district office, answered back
by tear gas, rubber bullets, and suspected, live ammunitions. Hundreds
of thugs organized by district officials provoked the residents.
Clashes were inevitable. Not stopping there, Police chased and arrested
five residents and locked them in the Police Station of Bima. There
were some victims. M. Nasir (23) shot at the leg bone, allegedly by
live ammunition. On November 2011, over one thousand residents returned
to carry out actions in front of Bima Regional House of Representatives
demanded the same thing.
Residents reported to The National Human Rights Commission, which then
conducted an investigation on April 2011. On November 2011, The
National Human Rights Commission issued a recommendation No.
2.784/K/PMT/XI/2011 for The Regent of Bima, The West Nusa Tenggara
Chief of Police, and The Director of PT. SMN. The National Human Rights
Commission recommended The Regent of Bima to improve the information
system and publicize mining activities; started from exploration to
exploitation, and also to suspend the activities of PT. SMN while
waiting for the conduciveness of society’s social life. The West Nusa
Tenggara Chief of Police was asked to take coordinative and
communicative steps with all elements of government and community
leaders to prevent horizontal conflicts in Bima. The National Human
Rights Commission urged the warranty for residents’ freedom of speech
or aspiration (demonstration) in accordance with statutory provisions,
and to avoid repressive measures by using weapons with live ammunition
in securing rallies.
But the officials did just the opposite. Peaceful actions conducted
since December 21, 2011 was terminated with violence and massacre.
There were 3 people died and 8 people wounded. Arif Rahman (19) was
shot through the right arm to the armpit; Syaepul (17) was penetrated
by the bullet at the chest, and Ansyari (20). Nine people injured are
Sahabudin (31), Ilyas Sulaiman (25), Ibrahim (25), Awaludin (24),
Suhaimi (23), Mistahudin (18), and Hasanan (female, 39) and two others
can not be identified.
Throughout the year of 2011, the violence conducted by the government
and the police force against the peasants increased. WALHI recorded 103
cases of conflicts over natural resources sectors. From Sorikmas in
North Sumatera, Tiaka in Central Sulawesi, Mesuji, Senyarang case,
Teluk Meranti case in Padang Island; to the massacre in Lambu towards
Christmas. Not to mention the potential of similar cases in the future.
President SBY and Boediono must take responsibility for the terrible
management of agrarian and natural resources, which was resolved using
approaches of crime on humanity. Therefore we demand:
1. 1. President SBY to immediately issue an official order to
stop and revoke the Mining Permit of PT. Sumber Mineral Nusantara (SMN)
and stop the violence and massacre in Bima.
2. 2. President SBY to immediately issue an official order to
withdraw and evaluate all forces of Indonesian National Police and
Military at the location of natural resource conflicts.
3. 3. President SBY to immediately stop the company’s activities
which created and potentially create conflicts until the certainty of
settlement is structurally created by establishing the National
Committee for Resolution of Agrarian Conflicts and Natural Resources.
4. 4. The House of Representatives to immediately make use of the
right of interpellation to request President SBY’s responsibility for
serious violation of human rights in the agrarian sector and natural
5. 5. President SBY to immediately dismiss and replace Timor Pradopo, Indonesian Chief of Police.
6. 6. The National Human Rights Commission and Witness and
Victims Protection Agency (LPSK) to ensure legal protection for
victims, as the indication of violence will spill over in the future.
7. 7. Urging the Constitutional Court to immediately decide the
civil citizen lawsuit on Law No. 4 Year 2009 on Mineral and Coal, and
demanding abolishment of articles that criminalizing citizens.
WALHI, JATAM, AGRA, KPA, YLBHI, Repdem, Sawit Watch, Koalisi Anti
Utang, HMI MPO, IGJ, Formada NTT/ JPIC OFM, LIMA, PMKRI, DPP IMM, LMND,
Srikandi Demokrasi, KIARA, PWYP
Mukri Fitriana, WALHI, mobile 081288244445
Andre S Wijaya, JATAM, mobile 08129459623
Lamens, EN LMND, mobile 085658984846
1. the company owned by Australian (95%)
2. This case not only one, 2 weeks ago we just against Slaugthering in
Mesuji, Lampung Province and South Sumatera. The villagers against Oil
Palm and Pulp wood plantation